What is Dental Erosion?

Your smile is a precious asset. But, it can be vulnerable to various threats. One potential threat is dental erosion. This common dental issue affects many people, often without them realizing it. With knowledge and the help of your dentist, you can maintain a healthy, beautiful smile for years. 

What is Dental Erosion?

What is Dental Erosion?

Dental erosion is the gradual loss of tooth enamel, the hard outer layer of your teeth. Enamel is essential for protecting your teeth from decay and sensitivity. When it erodes, your teeth become more susceptible to damage, pain, and other dental problems.

Causes of Dental Erosion

Understanding the culprits behind dental erosion can help you take preventive measures. There are many common causes. 

Acidic Foods and Drinks

Consuming highly acidic foods and beverages can soften and erode tooth enamel over time. Examples of these damaging drinks include carbonated sodas and fruit juices. 

Acid Reflux

Conditions like acid reflux can cause stomach acids to flow back into the mouth, leading to enamel erosion. For example, frequent vomiting, often seen in conditions like bulimia, can have a similar effect. As a result, it can slowly wear away at your enamel. 


Some medications, including antihistamines, aspirin, and antacids, can contribute to dental erosion. Always consult your healthcare provider or dentist if you suspect your medication may be affecting your oral health.

Dry Mouth

A lack of saliva can worsen dental erosion. This is because saliva helps neutralize acids and protect your teeth. Conditions, medications, or habits like mouth breathing can also lead to dry mouth.

Teeth Grinding (Bruxism)

Grinding or clenching your teeth, a habit often occurring during sleep, can wear down enamel and lead to dental erosion.

How to Avoid and Address Dental Erosion

Protecting your teeth from erosion is essential. With the right plan, you can avoid dental erosion or address it if it arises. 

A balanced diet can help protect your teeth. Therefore, limit your consumption of acidic foods and drinks. If you do indulge, try drinking through a straw to minimize contact with your teeth. Afterward, rinse your mouth with water to help neutralize acids.

One of the best ways to guard your enamel is with regular brushing and flossing. Use a fluoride toothpaste to strengthen enamel and protect against decay. Furthermore, adequate hydration can help prevent dry mouth. So, be sure to drink enough water throughout the day.

If you suffer from acid reflux or other gastrointestinal conditions, consult a healthcare provider for treatment and management options. For those who grind their teeth, consider wearing a nightguard to protect your teeth from further erosion.

A crucial way to avoid dental erosion is to schedule regular dental check-ups and cleanings. As a result, this allows your dentist to monitor your oral health and detect early signs of erosion.

In some cases of advanced erosion, dental procedures like bonding, veneers, or crowns may be necessary to restore damaged teeth. This will help protect them from further harm.